Udanielsbnilax INDUSTRIAL HEMP (Cannabis sativa) Element 2
The passage of Bill C-8 in June 1996, resulted in the modification of the Canadian Drug Act decriminalizing the low () 9 tetrahydrocannabinol) ) 9 THC Cannabis, industrial hemp. The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) came into force on May 14 1997 replacing the Narcotic Manage Act and Parts III and IV of the Food and Drugs Act and was published in March 12, 1998 (Health Canada 1998) to permit the commercial cultivation of industrial hemp in Canada. This put into place the appropriate regulations for commercial industrial hemp production for fibre and grain in Canada for potential growers, researchers and processors. Thus, in 1998, industrial hemp was once more legally grown under the new regulations as a commercial crop in Canada. These regulations enable for the controlled production, sale, motion, processing, exporting and importing of industrial hemp and hemp products that conform to conditions imposed by the regulations. indica vs sativa . The harvested hemp straw (free of charge from foliage) is no considered a controlled substance. However, any harvested industrial hemp grain is regarded as a controlled substance till denatured. For that reason suitable licenses should be obtained from Health Canada for obtain/movement of any viable seed, commercial field production (over 4 hectares), research and processing of viable grain. Any food items processed from industrial hemp seed ought to not exceed 10 ppm of delta 9 THC.
Health Canada is preparing a new draft for the critique of the existing Industrial Hemp Regulations (Well being Canada, 2001). To date this has not occurred. Speculations about new proposed regulation alterations contain clauses about volunteers, the status and disposal of hemp dust, and a new, lower level of allowable delta 9 THC in hemp grain and derivatives. Health Canada is also anticipated in creating adjustments to food labeling laws, all of which will have some positive impact on the marketing of industrial hemp. To date only the state of Hawaii has had licensed study activities in the United States and no other legal study or production exists in any other US states due to opposition by the federal government.
As of January 1, 2000, all seed planted for the production of industrial hemp in Canada must be of pedigreed status (certified, or greater). This indicates that seed can no longer be imported from countries that are not members of one of the Seed Certification Schemes of which Canada is a member. Canada is a member of two schemes the Organization for Economic Cooperation and the Improvement Seed Scheme administered by the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies. Most of the seed of approved hemp fibre and seed varieties to be cultivated in Canada is of European varieties and is still created in Europe requiring importation. Several European varieties have been licensed for seed production beneath private contracts in Canada. The first registered and licenced monoecious early grain variety (ANKA), bred and developed in Canada by Industrial Hemp Seed Improvement Firm was commercially made in Kent County, Ontario, in 1999. Certified seed availability of Health Canada approved varieties is published by Well being Canada each year. Photography Brides of North Texas mold cleanup . Hence seed cost and availability will continue to be a major production cost (about 25-30%) until a viable industrial hemp certified seed production business is established in Canada. At this time the following are Canadian bred, registered and certified varieties sold in Canada: ANKA (monoecious/dual purpose), Carmen (dioecious/fibre), Crag (dioecious/grain) and ESTA-1 (dioecious/grain).
delt 9 THC Management
The Cannabis genus is the only known plant in the plant kingdom that prduces Cannabinoids. The produced resin (psychoactive) is characterized in North America as marijuana. The Spanish introduced marijuana into the Americas in the 16th century. The well-known term, marijuana, originated from the amalgamation of two Spanish abbreviations: Rosa-Mari-a and Juan-IT-a frequent users of the plant at that time. By assimilation, the name marijuana in North America refers to any part of the Cannabis plant or extract there from, regarded inducing psychic reaction in humans. Unfortunately the reference to marijuana frequently erroneously includes industrial hemp. The dried resinous exudate of Cannabis inflorescence is known as hashish. The highest glandular resin exudation occurs during flowering.
Modest and Cronquist (1976), split the classification of Cannabis sativa into two subspecies: C. sativa subsp. sativa and C. sativa subsp. indica (Lam.) E. Tiny & Cronq. on the basis of less and greater than .3% (dry weight) of delta 9 THC in the upper (reproductive) portion of the plant respectively. This classification has because been adopted in the European Community, Canada, and parts of Australia as the dividing line amongst cultivars that can be legally cultivated under license and forms that are considered to have too high a delta 9 THC drug potential.
Only cultivars with .three% delta 9 THC levels or less are approved for production in Canada. A list of approved cultivars (not based on agricultural merits but merely on basis of meeting delta 9 THC criteria) is published annually by Health Canada). A Canadian industrial hemp regulation technique (see Industrial Hemp Technical Manual, Well being Canada 1998) of rigidly monitoring the delta 9 THC content of commercial industrial hemp inside the developing season has restricted hemp cultivation to cultivars that consistently keep delta 9 THC levels below .3% in the plants and plant parts.
Environmental effects (soil characteristics, latitude, fertility and climatic stresses) have been demonstrated to effect delta 9 THC levels which includes seasonal and diurnal variations (Scheifele et al.1999 Scheifele and Dragla 2000 Small 1979, Pate 1998b). The range of delta 9 THC levels inside low-delta 9 THC cultivars (< or = 0.3%) under different environmental effects is relatively limited by the inherent genetic stability (Scheifele et al. 1999 Scheifele & Dragla 2000). A few cultivars have been eliminated from the Approved Health Canada list because they have on occasion been identified to exceed the 0.3% level (Kompolti, Secuieni, Irene, Fedora 19, Futura) and Finola (FIN 314) and Uniko B are presently under probation because of detected elevated levels. Most of the Approved Cultivars have maintained relatively consistent low levels of delta 9 THC.
Hemp vs. Marijuana: Joseph W. Hickey, Sr., executive director of the Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative Association, is quote: Calling hemp and marijuana the same thing is like calling a rottweiler a poodle. They may both be dogs, but they just arent the same. Health Canadas fact sheet on Regulations for the Commercial Cultivation of Industrial Hemp states: Hemp usually refers to varieties of the Cannabis sativa L. plant that have a low content of delta-9 THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and that are generally cultivated for fibre. Industrial hemp should not be confused with varieties of Cannabis with a high content of THC, which are referred to as marijuana. The leaves of industrial hemp and marijuana look similar but hemp can be readily distinguished from marijuana from a distance. The cultivation of marijuana consists of one to two plants per square meter and industrial hemp is cultivated in stands of 100 to 250 plants per square meter and plant characteristics are quite distinctively different (due to selective breeding). The established limits for THC content in the inflorescence of industrial hemp at time of mid pollen shedding is 0.3% (less than 1%) whereas levels of THC in marijuana are in the 10 to 20% range.
Present industrial hemp breeding programs apply strict screening at the early generation breeding level selecting only genotypes with less than 0.3% THC and then select for high fibre, stalk, grain quality and yield
It is impossible to get high on hemp. Hemp should never be confused with marijuana and the genetics for THC and Cannabinoid levels in hemp cannot be reversed even though over several generations of multiplication will creep into higher levels by several percentages, but never into marijuana levels. Lewes SEO Online Reputation Management water damage restoration orange county . Feral hemp in Ontario, which has been under self propagation for 100 years or more has been tested (Baker 2003) and demonstrated to be very stable at <0.2% THC.